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Parthia, Īrān

Wikipedia links for
Parthia, Īrān
[Parthia] [Īrān]

The Parthian Empire (247 BC - 224 AD), was a major Iranian political and cultural power in the Ancient Near East, and a counterweight and eastern boundary to the Roman Empire of the Mediterranean Basin.

The ruling dynasty came from Parthia ("roughly western Khurasan" in Iran's north-east) and was established and named after Arsaces, therefore the nation is also called Arsacid Empire (Persian: Ashkanian).

The Arsacids were contemporaries of the Seleucid Empire, and conquered much of its territories; unlike the successors of Alexander the Great, they were an indigenous Iranian dynasty - although Seleucus I had married an Iranian princess. Adopting Greek culture, they proclaimed themselves philhellenes "friend of Greeks." The Arsacids' Hellenism was subsequently portrayed by the Sassanians as a betrayal of Iranian values, and used as a justification to overthrow them. This portrayal as m morally and culturally corrupt was followed by academia for decades, but there is today significant evidence that the Arsacids not only saw themselves as legitimate heirs of the "(divinely bestowed) Iranian glory", but were committed to the idea of an Iranian nation.

At the height of its power, the empire ruled most of Greater Iran, Mesopotamia, and Armenia. But unlike most other Iranian monarchies,dubious – discuss the Arsacids followed a vassalary system, which they adopted from the Seleucids. The Arsacid Empire was thus not a single coherent state, but instead made up of numerous tributary (but otherwise independent) kingdoms.

The Arsacids were in an almost perpetual state of war, either to capture and hold territory from the Seleucids, or to prevent vassal states from breaking away, or defending themselves against the Roman Empire in the west and nomadic tribes in the east. Economically and militarily severely weakened by the incessant warring, the infighting of its nobility, the Parthian Arsacids were finally vanquished by the Persian Sassanids, formerly a minor vassal from southwestern Iran, around AD 220. In Armenia, a branch of the Arsacid dynasty continued to rule their kingdom until the 5th century.

Country : Latitude: 32.70226263912752, Longitude: 54.66796875


Matches 1 to 6 of 6

   Last Name, Given Name(s)    Birth    Person ID 
1 Hayastani, Sanatroukes  About 80Parthia, Īrān I340588
2 Hayastani, Valagash I  About 45Parthia, Īrān I340589
3 Hayastani, Vologaises I.  About 116Parthia, Īrān I340587
4 Hayastani, Koning Vologaises V.  About 130Parthia, Īrān I30872
5 az Māda, Vonones II.  About 5 BCParthia, Īrān I340591
6 az Parthava, Valagash Dareios I.  About 25Parthia, Īrān I340590


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