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Roma, Italia

Wikipedia links for
Roma, Italia
[Roma] [Italia]

Rome (Italian: Roma) is the capital city of Italy and of the Lazio region, as well as the country's largest and most populous comune, with about 2.5 million residents. Its metropolitan area is Italy's third, after Milan and Naples. It is located in the central-western portion of the Italian peninsula, where the river Aniene joins the Tiber. The current Mayor of Rome is Walter Veltroni.

According to legend, the city of Rome was founded by the twins Romulus and Remus on April 21, 753 BC. Archaeological evidence supports claims that Rome was inhabited since the 8th century BC and earlier. The city was the cradle of Roman civilization that produced the largest and longest-lasting empire of classical antiquity. The city was pivotal and responsible for the spread of Greco-Roman culture that endures to this day. Rome is also identified with the Catholic Church and the holders of its episcopal seat are the popes. An enclave of Rome is the State of the Vatican City, the sovereign territory of the Holy See and smallest nation in the world.

Rome, Caput mundi ("capital of the world"), la Città Eterna ("the Eternal City"), Limen Apostolorum ("threshold of the Apostles"), la città dei sette colli ("the city of the seven hills") or simply l'Urbe ("the City"), is thoroughly modern and cosmopolitan. As one of the few major European cities that escaped World War II relatively unscathed, central Rome remains essentially Renaissance and Baroque in character. The Historic Centre of Rome is listed by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site.


The founding of Rome is shrouded in legend such as the story of Romulus and Remus, but archaeological evidence supports the theory that Rome grew from pastoral settlements on the Palatine Hill and in the area of the future Roman Forum, coalescing into a city in the 8th century BC. That city developed into the capital of the Roman Kingdom (ruled by a succession of seven kings, according to tradition), Roman Republic (from 510 BC, governed by the Senate), and finally the Roman Empire (from 31 BC, ruled by an Emperor); this success depended on military conquest, commercial predominance, as well as selective assimilation of neighboring civilizations, most notably the Etruscans and Greeks. Roman dominance expanded over most of Europe and the shores of the Mediterranean sea, while its population surpassed one million inhabitants. For almost a thousand years, Rome was the most politically important, richest and largest city in the Western world, and remained so after the Empire started to decline and was split, even if it ultimately lost its capital status to Milan and then Ravenna, and was surpassed in prestige by the Eastern capital Constantinople.

Fall of the Empire and rise of the Papacy

With the rise of early Christianity, the Bishop of Rome gained religious as well as political importance, eventually becoming known as the Pope and establishing Rome as the centre of the Catholic Church. After the Sack of Rome (410) by Alariic I and the fall of the Western Roman Empire in 476 AD, Rome alternated between Byzantine rule and plundering by Germanic barbarians. Its population declined to a mere 20,000 during the Early Middle Ages, reducing the sprawling city to groups of inhabited buildings interspersed among large areas of ruins and vegetation. Rome remained nominally part of the Byzantine Empire until 751 AD when the Lombards finally abolished the Exarchate of Ravenna. In 756, Pepin the Short gave the pope temporal jurisdiction over Rome and surrounding areas, thus creating the Papal States.

Rome remained the capital of the Papal States until its annexation into the Kingdom of Italy in 1870; the city became a major pilgrimage site during the Middle Ages and the focus of struggles between the Papacy and the Holy Roman Empire startining with Charlemagne, who was crowned its first emperor in Rome on Christmas 800 AD by Pope Leo III. Apart from brief periods as an independent city during the Middle Ages, Rome kept its status of Papal capital and "holy city" for centuries, even when the Pope briefly relocated to Avignon (1309–1337). While no longer politically powerful, as tragically shown by the brutal sack of 1527, the city flourished as a hub of cultural and artistic activity during the Renaissance and the Baroque, under the patronage of the Papal court. Population rose again and reached 100,000 during the 17th century, but Rome ultimately lagged behind the rest of the European capitals over the subsequent centuries, being largely busy in the Counter-Reformation process.

From unification to Fascism

Caught up in the nationalistic turmoils of the 19th century and having twice gained and lost a short-lived independence, Rome became the focus of the hopes for Italian unification, as propelled by the Kingdom of Italy ruled by King Vittorio Emananuele II; after the French protection was lifted in 1870, royal troops stormed the city, and Rome was declared capital of the newly unified Italy in 1871. After a victorious World War I, Rome witnessed the rise to power of Italian fascism guided by Benito Mussolini, who marched on the city in 1922, eventually declared a new Empire and allied Italy with Nazi Germany. This was a period of rapid growth in population, from the 212,000 people at the time of unification to more than 1,000,000, but this trend was halted by World War II, during which Rome was damaged by both Allied forces bombing and Nazi occupation; after the execution of Mussolini and the end of the war, a 1946 referendum abolished the monarchy in favor of the Italian Republic.

Republican times

Rome grew momentously after the war, as one of the driving forces behind the "Italian economic miracle" of post-war reconstruction and modernization. It became a fashionable city in the 1950's and early 1960's, the years of "la Dolce Vita" ("the sweet life"), and a new rising trend in population continued till the mid-1980's, when the comune had more than 2,800,000 residents; after that, population started to slowly decline as more residents moved to nearby comuni; this has been attributed to their perceiving a decrease in the quality of life, especially because of the continuously jammed traffic and the worsening pollution it brings about.

City/Town : Latitude: 41.9, Longitude: 12.5


Matches 1 to 29 of 29

   Last Name, Given Name(s)    Birth    Person ID 
1 Gaius Asinius Pollio  About 76Roma, Italia I825480
2 Gaius Iulius Caesar  13 July 100 BCRoma, Italia I230068
3 Gaius Octavius Iulius Caesar Augustus  22 September 63 BCRoma, Italia I816724
4 Iullus Antonius Creticus  45 BCRoma, Italia I824876
5 Julia Flavia  17 September 64Roma, Italia I841982
6 Marcia  About 33Roma, Italia I816745
7 Marcus Aelius Aurelius Verus  26 April 121Roma, Italia I816956
8 Marcus Antonius  14 January 83 BCRoma, Italia I230070
9 Marcus Antonius Gordianus  20 January 225Roma, Italia I817877
10 Marcus Porcius Cato Uticensis  95 BCRoma, Italia I825012
11 Maria  About 385Roma, Italia I824807
12 Publius Quinctilius Varus Minor  About 5 BCRoma, Italia I834372
13 Publius Septimius Geta  7 March 189Roma, Italia I825360
14 Quintus Marcius Barea Soranus  About 20Roma, Italia I841985
15 Quintus Marcius Barea Sura  About 12Roma, Italia I824864
16 Scribonia  Between 75 and 70 BCRoma, Italia I816725
17 Tiberius Claudius Nero  16 November 42 BCRoma, Italia I824894
18 Titus Aurelius Fulvus Antoninus  31 August 161Roma, Italia I825346
19 Titus Flavius Domitian  24 October 51Roma, Italia I816894
20 Titus Flavius Vespasian  30 December 39Roma, Italia I824861
21 Titus Pomponius Atticus  109 BCRoma, Italia I824883
22 Varius Avitus Bassianus  204Roma, Italia I834883
23 von Bayern, Ludwig VI  7 May 1328Roma, Italia I97256
24 Bourbon Del Monte, Virginia  24 May 1899Roma, Italia I258426
25 van Rees, Aditya  08 June 1906Roma, Italia I755273
26 von Rom, Marozia  About 892Roma, Italia I834531
27 Rossellini, Roberto Gastone Zettino  08 May 1906Roma, Italia I677295
28 Torlonia, Don Alessandro  07 December 1911Roma, Italia I685382
29 Torlonia, Marina  22 October 1916Roma, Italia I685410


Matches 1 to 2 of 2

   Last Name, Given Name(s)    Baptised    Person ID 
1 del' Italia, Koning Pipino I.  15 April 781Roma, Italia I22549
2 Lopis de Suasso, David  28 August 1834Roma, Italia I255528


Matches 1 to 92 of 92

   Last Name, Given Name(s)    Died    Person ID 
1 Aelia Galla Placidia  27 November 450Roma, Italia I816661
2 Appius Claudius Crassus Sabinus Inregillensis  After 495 BCRoma, Italia I825424
3 Aulus VItellius Germanicus  22 December 69Roma, Italia I824950
4 Demetrias  440/61Roma, Italia I838657
5 Domitia Lepida Maior  Juni 59Roma, Italia I834916
6 Flavia Iulia Helena  Ende 329Roma, Italia I817986
7 Flavius Placidius Valentinian III.  16 March 455Roma, Italia I816658
8 Gaius Iulius Caesar  15 March 44 BCRoma, Italia I230068
9 Gaius Iulius Caesar Augustus Germanicus  24 January 41Roma, Italia I824866
10 Gaius Marius  23 January 86 BCRoma, Italia I825331
11 Gaius Sempronius Gracchus  121 BCRoma, Italia I825392
12 Iulia Drusilla  10 June 38 BCRoma, Italia I824942
13 Iusta Grata Honoria  455Roma, Italia I824800
14 Lucius Calpurnius Piso Frugi Licinianus  15 January 69Roma, Italia I825336
15 Lucius Tarquinius Priscus  579 BCRoma, Italia I825577
16 Marcus Aurelius Commodus Antoninus Augustus  31 December 192Roma, Italia I825345
17 Marcus Aurelius Valerius Maxentius  28 October 312Roma, Italia I824853
18 Marcus Clodius Pupienus Maximus  29 July 238Roma, Italia I817893
19 Marcus Cocceius Nerva  27 January 98Roma, Italia I823168
20 Marcus Fulvius Flaccus  121Roma, Italia I816996
21 Marcus Porcius Cato Censorius  149 BCRoma, Italia I825041
22 Numa Pompilius  671 BCRoma, Italia I825066
23 Palladius  Mai 455Roma, Italia I824777
24 Petronius Maximus  22 May 455Roma, Italia I824778
25 Porcia Catonis  42 BCRoma, Italia I824961
26 Procopius Anthemius  11 July 472Roma, Italia I823081
27 Publius Septimius Geta  December 211Roma, Italia I825360
28 Publius Valerius Poplicola  460Roma, Italia I834355
29 Quintus Mucius Scaevola  82 BCRoma, Italia I816794
30 Remus  21 April 753 BCRoma, Italia I850052
31 Serena  Herbst 408Roma, Italia I824810
32 Servius Tullius  535Roma, Italia I825582
33 Tiberius Claudius Nero Caesar Augustus Germanicus  13 October 54Roma, Italia I835099
34 Tiberius Claudius Thrasyllus  36Roma, Italia I834922
35 Titus Flavius Sabinus  20 December 69Roma, Italia I823158
36 Titus Pomponius Atticus  31 March 32 BCRoma, Italia I824883
37 Ummidia Quadratilla  107Roma, Italia I834911
38 Varius Avitus Bassianus  22 March 222Roma, Italia I834883
39 Vitellia  December 69Roma, Italia I853553
40 Vitellius Germanicus  December 69Roma, Italia I853552
41 von Are-Hochstaden, Lothaire  1194Roma, Italia I828960
42 von Babenberg, Heinrich I.  03 July 964Roma, Italia I869115
43 de Beauvau, Louis  27 November 1465Roma, Italia I95387
44 Belinfante, Frederik Peter  06 February 1997Roma, Italia I118379
45 de Bigorre, Ermensinde  After 1065Roma, Italia I796953
46 Bonaparte, Napoleon Joseph Charles  17 March 1891Roma, Italia I689642
47 de Bourbon Battenberg, Dona Beatriz  22 November 2002Roma, Italia I685383
48 de Bourbon Habsburg Lorraine, Alfonso XIII  28 February 1941Roma, Italia I685385
49 de Bourgogne, Guido  13 December 1124Roma, Italia I828344
50 Brenninkmeijer, Bernard Joseph  27 April 1945Roma, Italia I285456
51 Clevers, Hendricus  Date unknownRoma, Italia I67465
52 de Courtenay, Amice  1275Roma, Italia I812245
53 de Crépy, Simon  30 January 1080Roma, Italia I852364
54 Dobbelmann, Theresia Cecilia Hubertina Maria  03 May 1972Roma, Italia I256758
55 d' Eguisheim, Bruno  19 October 1054Roma, Italia I795677
56 von Gosham, Ulrich  1083Roma, Italia I864759
57 Jauberthon, Anne Marie  1845Roma, Italia I688369
58 tou Kappadokía, Archelaos  17Roma, Italia I821700
59 von Kärnten, Brun  18 February 999Roma, Italia I823972
60 van Limburg, Hendrik II  August 1167Roma, Italia I29961
61 Linthorst Homan, Mr. Dr. Johannes  06 November 1986Roma, Italia I430931
62 von Lippe, Hermann  29 August 1167Roma, Italia I828448
63 de Lorraine, Godefroy  Juni 964Roma, Italia I823965
64 az Māda, Koning Artavasdes II  About 20 BCRoma, Italia I341366
65 Mauretaniae proditum, Ptolemaios  40Roma, Italia I800183
66 of Mercia, Burgred  880Roma, Italia I824477
67 of Mercia, Coenred  After 709Roma, Italia I870461
68 min Miṣr, Alexandros Helios  About 27 BCRoma, Italia I230072
69 min Miṣr, Ptolemaios Philadelphos  29 BCRoma, Italia I230073
70 de Montpellier, Maria  Between 20 April 1213 and 1230Roma, Italia I29811
71 von Nassau Dillenburg, Hendrik  About 1450Roma, Italia I97747
72 of Northumberland, Egred  Before 735Roma, Italia I870621
73 Paltrow, Bruce Weigert  03 October 2002Roma, Italia I681650
74 tó Pérgamon, Aristonikos  130 BCRoma, Italia I821737
75 de Poitou, Agnes  14 December 1077Roma, Italia I796201
76 van Poitou Aquitanie, Keizerin Agnes  14 December 1077Roma, Italia I19431
77 Pol, Talitha Dina  14 July 1971Roma, Italia I687296
78 Ramolino, Letizia  02 February 1836Roma, Italia I669283
79 Regout, Mr. Louis Hubert Willem  29 October 1915Roma, Italia I56534
80 von Rom, Marozia  After 932Roma, Italia I834531
81 Rossellini, Roberto Gastone Zettino  03 June 1977Roma, Italia I677295
82 Rutten, Felix Jean Joseph Hubert Dr.  22 December 1971Roma, Italia I189309
83 von Sachsen, Keizer Otto II  07 December 983Roma, Italia I30082
84 von Sachsen, Otto II.  07 December 983Roma, Italia I795247
85 Schaepman, Herman Johan Aloysius Maria Dr. Theol.  21 January 1903Roma, Italia I63790
86 von Schwaben, Berengar  27 March 1027Roma, Italia I832794
87 az Tel Millian, Gaius Iulius Antiochos IV.  After 72Roma, Italia I817843
88 Torlonia, Don Alessandro  01 May 1986Roma, Italia I685382
89 of Wessex, Ine  728Roma, Italia I832068
90 of Wessex, Æthelburg  About 728Roma, Italia I832069
91 shl Yəhūda, Judas Aristobulos II  49 BCRoma, Italia I816936
92 shl Yəhūda, NN  Roma, Italia I825754


Matches 1 to 36 of 36

   Last Name, Given Name(s)    Buried    Person ID 
1 Aelia Galla Placidia  Roma, Italia I816661
2 Annia Galeria Faustina  Roma, Italia I816733
3 Ceionius Lucius Aelius Aurelius Verus  Roma, Italia I816950
4 Flavia Domitilla  Roma, Italia I835065
5 Flavia Iulia Helena  Roma, Italia I817986
6 Gaius Iulius Caesar  20 March 44 BCRoma, Italia I230068
7 Gaius Octavius Iulius Caesar Augustus  Roma, Italia I816724
8 Iulia Domna  Roma, Italia I825355
9 Iulia Livilla  Roma, Italia I841940
10 Livia Drusilla  Roma, Italia I817001
11 Lucius Calpurnius Piso Pontifex  Roma, Italia I825556
12 Lucius Septimius Severus  Roma, Italia I816762
13 Marcus Aurelius Fulvius Antoninus  Roma, Italia I842099
14 Marcus Claudius Marcellus  Roma, Italia I824896
15 Marcus Cocceius Nerva  Roma, Italia I823168
16 Marcus Galerius Aurelius Antoninus  Roma, Italia I842100
17 Marcus Vipsanius Agrippa  Roma, Italia I816722
18 Nero Claudius Drusus Germanicus  Roma, Italia I824880
19 Publius Septimius Geta  Roma, Italia I825360
20 Sextus Appuleius  Roma, Italia I824911
21 Tiberius Claudius Nero Caesar Augustus Germanicus  24 October 19Roma, Italia I835099
22 Titus Aurelius Fulvus Boionius Arrius Antoninus  Roma, Italia I816732
23 Titus Flavius Sabinus  70Roma, Italia I823158
24 Titus Flavius Vespasianus  Roma, Italia I823161
25 Titus Pomponius Atticus  Roma, Italia I824883
26 Valerius Romulus  Roma, Italia I837774
27 Vipsania Agrippina  Roma, Italia I824867
28 de Bourgogne, Guido  Roma, Italia I828344
29 de Crépy, Simon  Roma, Italia I852364
30 von Kärnten, Brun  Roma, Italia I823972
31 van Limburg, Simon  Roma, Italia I114339
32 of Mercia, Burgred  Roma, Italia I824477
33 of Northumberland, Egred  Roma, Italia I870621
34 de Poitou, Agnes  6 January 1077Roma, Italia I796201
35 van Poitou Aquitanie, Keizerin Agnes  Roma, Italia I19431
36 von Schwaben, Berengar  Roma, Italia I832794


Matches 1 to 1 of 1

   Last Name, Given Name(s)    Occupation    Person ID 
1 Schaepman, Herman Johan Aloysius Maria Dr. Theol.  1869Roma, Italia I63790


Matches 1 to 10 of 10

   Family    Married    Family ID 
1 /   After 272Roma, Italia F306815
2 /   Juli 221Roma, Italia F313127
3 Angiò / Aragón  About 1297Roma, Italia F489895
4 Italia / Rom  932Roma, Italia F313031
5 Marone Cinzano / Bourbon Battenberg  01 September 1940Roma, Italia F262595
6 Österreich / Portugal  16 March 1452Roma, Italia F39147
7 Power / Welter  27 June 1949Roma, Italia F260789
8 Sachsen / Bijzantium  014 April 972Roma, Italia F11600
9 Sachsen / Sklerina  14 April 972Roma, Italia F299119
10 Torlonia / Bourbon Battenberg  14 January 1935Roma, Italia F261000


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